This tech note lists the methods with which one can burn CDs or DVDs, or use USB sticks with the ECS machines.
Our Linux workstations should mount USB sticks automatically when you plug them in. The drive should appear in a File Manager Window. If you are not running a GUI or want to mount from the command line use
udisks --mount /dev/DEVICE
Our Mac workstations should mount USB sticks automatically when you plug them in. The drive should appear in the Finder and on the desktop.
On NetBSD, after plugging your USB stick in (if it has a DOS FAT
filesystem on it) you have to either:
- Click (just once!) on the "Extern" icon on your desktop
- Open a Terminal session
The drive should now be available at the UNIX path
. If you mounted the drive using the first option above you should already have an open file manager window displaying the drive contents. If you used the second option you can browse to /local/external in the file manager or use UNIX command line tools to access that path.
If you wish to mount partitions from a USB drive that has more than one
partition on it, or which may have filesystems that are not handled by
the default mounting mechanism, you may be able to mount partitions on
a NetBSD machine by doing the following:
- Open a Terminal session
/sbin/mount -t FSTYPE -o "rw,nosuid,nodev" /dev/DEVICE /path/to/mount
options are required for complying with the security
requirememts for mounting devices and
FSTYPE is the type of your filesystem - as defined by NetBSD
DEVICE is the actual device node that NetBSD sees your partiton as
/path/to/mount is the place you want the USB partition mounted
So, to mount a Linux EXT2 filesystem that appears as /dev/sd0e onto a
mountpoint in one's own home directory, the command would be:
/sbin/mount -t ext2fs -o "rw,nosuid,nodev" /dev/sd0e ~/usbmount
On Linux select "Unmount path
" from a File manager window, or from the command line:
udisks --unmount /dev/DEVICE
To properly unmount the drive on a Mac, drag the icon of the drive to the trash.
On NetBSD, issue the command
at the command-line or right mouse click on the "Extern" icon and select the "Unmount" option. The device must be not busy for this to succeed, i.e. there must be no processes accessing any file on the device; in particular, no shell may have any directory on the device as a current working directory. Ensuring that you properly unmount the drive is particularly important if you have written any data to it.
If you have mounted a USB partition using a custom command then unmounting
should is best performed by unmounting the
, so for the
above example, a simple
CDs and DVDs
The ECS Programmers recommend all CD/DVD burning is now performed using K3b under KDE.
If you have a need to use the command-line, please refer to these unmaintained notes
Almost all our NetBSD workstations are equipped with DVD burners, the easy way to tell whether you are sat at a machine with a DVD burner is to look on the DVD drive itself to find the "RW / DVD-Rewritable" logo.
How to use K3b
You can find K3b in the Multimedia
menu of the K Menu. The program is quite user-friendly. There is a good quickstart guide in the Help_->_K3b Handbook
help window, so we will not replicate that here. If you have any problems, please contact the programmers
Mounting NTFS partition caveat
There are currently some issues that may prevent the mounting of NTFS partitons on external media, eg portable disk drives, onto
the School's NetBSD workstations.
Information on these issues can be found at the end of the manual page for